Lapiro de Mbanga was arrested on 9 April 2008 following a mass demonstration in Cameroon. According to Free Muse, he was arrested for singing a song that criticized a controversial Constitutional amendment that eliminated presidential term limits and granted the Head of State immunity for crimes committed in office.
According to information communicated to the UN Working group, Lapiro was arrested on accusations of mass looting, destruction of public property, obstruction of public way, attack on public property and participating in illegal meetings. On 24 September 2008, he was condemned - after what was widely seen as a "political trial" - to 3 years in prison for participating in illegal meetings, obstruction of public way and mass looting. [Source].
Despite condemnation by rights groups and campaigns to secure his release, the artist served 3 years in the infamous New Bell Prison in Douala. The prison, according to Amnesty International, has an official capacity of 700 but held 2,453 inmates in August 2011. [Source].
Lapiro was released on 8 April 2011.
The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, whose mandate includes investigating cases of deprivation of liberty imposed arbitrarily or otherwise in violation of relevant international human rights standards, concluded that the arrest of Lapiro de Mbanga and ensuing deprivation of liberty was arbitrary and resulted in the violation of rights laid down in the following articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR):
- article 3 - right to liberty and security of person,
- article 5 - freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
- article 7 - right to protection of the law without discrimination
- article 8 - right to effective remedy
- article 9 - freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention
- article 10 - right to fair trial
- article 11 - right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty
- article 18 - freedom of thought conscience and religion
- article 19 - freedom of opinion and expression
- article 20 - freedom of peaceful assembly and association
- article 21
- articles 2(3)
- article 9
- article 10
- article 14
The UN Working Group urged the government of Cameroon to compensate Lapiro for damages suffered as a result of his arbitrary arrest and detention, grant him amnesty or pardon and take measures to guarantee his right to security of person.
The opinion and recommendations (in French) of the UN Working Group is dated 1 September 2011.
The government of Cameroon must respect its obligations under international law and fulfill the demands of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention. The authorities are obliged to ensure that people, including musicians, journalists, peaceful protesters or ordinary citizens, are not arbitrarily arrested or subjected to torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
ASIDE: FreeMuse interviewed Lapiro de Mbanga on 8 May 2011 - one month after his release from New Bell Prison. Watch the video interview.
It is worth mentioning that Lapiro is French-speaking.
Photo source: IFEX.